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The Charney Family of Mir, Belarus
by Hadassah Lipsius
Copyright © 2004-2005, 2006 All Rights Reserved
 

Following from an 1836 Marriage Record g1816 Revision List g1795 Revision List g1784 GDL Census

The city of Mir was in the Novogrodok district of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 18th century and this town is now in Belarus.  Hadassah Lipsius traced her Charney family back through the 19th century using an 1836 Warszawa (Warsaw) marriage record and the 1816 revision list for Mir. She was fortunate to find a 1795 revision list for Mir, which enabled her to recognize her family on the 1784 Grand Duchy of Lithuania list.

Hadassah began with an 1836 marriage record in Warszawa (Warsaw) for her 2nd great grandparents from which she first learned that her 2nd great grandmother came from Mir:

1836 Warszawa Marriage Record

Chawa Moszkowna CZARNY, an unmarried girl, in the town of Mir, living with her parents. Born of Moszka CZARNY, a merchant and his wife Zeldy daughter of Solomon

Her 2nd great grandmother signed her name in Hebrew as SHACHOR, not CZARNY:

However, Charney means black in Polish and Russian, and Shachor means black Hebrew. When she died a notary record stated that her maiden name was SCHWARTZ!

Hadassah observed, "Mir is 243 miles from Warsaszawa. Quite a distance to travel to find your bashert [soulmate]".

On the 1816 list for Mir, there are eleven CHARNEY families.  Five of these have heads of household who are sons of Leyba, and three are shown below.  Movsha and Zelda (family #92) on the following 1816 list are Hadassah's 3rd great grandparents.  

  Mir 1816 Revision List

Family #

Surname

Given Name

Father

Mother

Spouse

Relationship to Head

Age

7

CHARNY

Itsko

Leyba

 

 

Head

42

7

CHARNY

Elia

Itsko

Sora

 

Son

22

7

CHARNY

Sora

 

 

 

Wife

40

7

CHARNY

Feyga

 

 

Elia

Daughter-in-law

 

7

CHARNY

Feyga

 

 

Elia

Daughter-in-law

 

7

CHARNY

Leyb Fishel

Elia

Feyga

 

Grandchild

5

7

CHARNY

Evna Girsh

Elia

Etka

 

Grandchild

3

7

CHARNY

David

Elia

Etka

 

Grandchild

1

7

CHARNY

Mordukh Girsh

Itsko

Sora

 

Son

29

7

CHARNY

Yankel Matys

Mordukh Girsh

Tovba

 

Grandchild

3

7

CHARNY

Etka

Sheyma

Channa

Elia

Daughter-in-law

33

7

CHARNY

Mirka

Elia

Feyga

 

Grandchild

9

7

CHARNY

Tovba

 

 

Mordukh Girsh

Daughter-in-law

20

13

CHARNY

Meyer

Leyba

 

 

Head

53

13

CHARNY

Girsh

Meyer

Ryva

 

Son

30

13

CHARNY

Ivel (Iovel)

Girsh

Beyla

 

Grandchild

9

13

CHARNY

Movsha

Meyer

Ryva

 

Son

22

13

CHARNY

Chaim Leyb

Movsha

Chava

 

Grandchild

3

13

CHARNY

Mordukh

Meyer

Ryva

 

Son

18

13

CHARNY

Yankel 

Meyer

Ryva

 

Son

16

13

CHARNY

Ryva

 

 

 

Wife

58

13

CHARNY

Beyla

 

 

Girsh

Daughter-in-law

27

13

CHARNY

Mirka

Girsh

Beyla

 

Grandchild

8

13

CHARNY

Chava

 

 

Movsha

Daughter-in-law

22

13

CHARNY

Leah

 

 

Mordukh 

Daughter-in-law

22

92

CHARNY

Movsha

Leyba

 

 

Head

39

92

CHARNY

Meyer 

Movsha

Zelda

 

Son

14

92

CHARNY

Sholom Evna

Movsha

Zelda

 

Son

5

92

CHARNY

Ber

Movsha

Zelda

 

Son

2

92

CHARNY

Zelda

 

 

 

Wife

31

92

CHARNY

Mirka

Movsha

Zelda

 

Daughter

18

92

CHARNY

Leah

Movsha

Zelda

 

Daughter

13

92

CHARNY

Slova

Movsha

Zelda

 

Daughter

11

Hadassah then tried to identify her family on the 1795 Revision List, which is more difficult because it does not contain many surnames.  She found Leyb, the father of Itsko [Icko], Meyer and Movsha [Mausze].  In family #8: Leyb son of Hersz has a wife Mirka, and children Mousze, Chana, Icko in the same household.  His son Meyer has established and is head of a separate household, with a wife Ryvka and two sons. 

 Mir 1795 Revision List

Family Registration Number

Derived Surname

Page/Reg. # in 1816Given Name

 

Father

 

MotherSpouseRelation to Head of HouseholdAge

8

(CHARNEY)

100/7

Leyb

Hirsz

 

Mirka

head

59

8

(CHARNEY)

100/7

Mirka

 

 

Leyb

wife

56

8

(CHARNEY)

92/7

Mousze

Leyb

Mirka

Zelda

son

18

8

(CHARNEY)

92/7

Zelda

 

 

Mousze

daughter-in-law

19

8

 

7,92

Szoel

 

 

Chana

son-in-law

15

8

(CHARNEY)

100/7

Chana

Leyb

Mirka

Szoel

daughter

18

8

 

 

Gnesia

Szoel

Chana

 

granddaughter

1

8

(CHARNEY)

100/7

Icko

Leyb

Mirka

Sora

son

23

8

(CHARNEY)

100/7

Sora

 

 

Icko

daughter-in-law

21

8

(CHARNEY)

100/7

Ela

Icko

Sora

 

granddaughter

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75

(CHARNEY)

103/13

Maier

Leyb

 

Rywka

head

30

75

(CHARNEY)

103/13

Rywka

 

 

Maier

wife

31

75

(CHARNEY)

103/13

Hirsz

Maier

Rywka

 

son

12

75

(CHARNEY)

103/13

Mousza

Maier

Rywka

 

son

3

Looking at the Mir Grand Duchy list, Hadassah was able to find her family at #82:

Leyba son of Hirsz (Leyba Hirszowicz), the landlord, his wife Mirka, his son Idel (he was also listed in 1816), his son Icko (probably Itsko in 1816), his son Mowsza, (who was also listed with the family in 1795, and as a separate head of household in 1816), his daughters Gnesia, Cywa, Chana (Chana was 18 on the 1795 entry) and Meyer and his wife Rywka, who also appeared in 1795.

 1784 Grand Duchy of Lithuania Census for Mir (click for clearer document)

This example shows how Hadassah Lipsius was able to trace her CHARNY family from the 1816 Revision List, on which they had a surname, first names, patronymics, relationships and ages, to the 1795 Revision List, on which they lacked a surname, but are clearly linked by first names, patronymics and other family relationships. With the knowledge of names and relationships of the household in the 1795 list, she was able to find them on the earlier 1784 Grand Duchy Census.

Leyba, son of Hirsz, was 59 on the 1795 revision list (and 48 eleven  years earlier on the 1784 census). Leyba would have been born in 1736. It would be reasonable to estimate that his father - Hirsz - who we know of because of Leyba's patronymic - would have been born at least 20-30 years earlier, circa 1706-1716. It will be interesting to see if Hirsz appears with this family on the earlier 1764 GDL Census. If so it would be possible to trace the family back to the mid to late 1600s.

Sources: 

1836 Marriage Record found by Hadassah Lipsius as a volunteer for JRI-Poland Warszawa Shtetl CO-OP.  1816 and 1795 Revision Lists are available on the Belarus SIG website1784 Census of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the Jewish Family History Foundation's Grand Duchy Project at www.jewishfamilyhistory.org.

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